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𝔸fter they had brought their first baby home from the clinic, a young wife suggested to her husband that he try his hand at changing diapers. "I'm really busy," he said. "I'll do the next one, honey."

The next time the baby was wet she asked if he was now ready to learn how to change diapers. He looked puzzled. "Oh," he replied finally, "I didn't mean the next diaper. I meant the next baby."

So, what's the past perfect?

The past perfect tense denotes an action completed before a past moment that is specified or implied. In other words, an action that was already completed when another action occurred. The past perfect is formed by "had" and the past participle of the verb, as in "He had gone by then" or "We had not finished when you called". The past perfect is sometimes called the pluperfect. In the joke above, the first words are an example of the past perfect: After they had brought their first baby home.

Le plus-que-parfait fait référence à une action achevée avant une action passée qui est spécifiée ou implicite. En d'autres termes, une action qui était déjà terminée lorsqu'une autre action s'est produite. Le past perfect est formé par "had" et le participe passé du verbe, comme dans He had left by that time ou we had not finished when you called. Le plus-que-parfait est parfois appelé le pluperfect.

Check out these examples

Past Perfect Present Perfect Future Perfect
They had gone home They have gone home They will have gone home
You had already told me You have already told me You will have already told me
I'd been working there for a year I've been working there for a year I'll have been working there for a year
She had seen the doctor She has seen the doctor She will have seen the doctor
I had planned to kill him I had planned to kill him I will have planned to kill him


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